Browsing articles from "February, 2012"

Wednesday: Machu Picchu

Feb 29, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish. Gretchen added the number to the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish.  She reviewed our Spanish and Sign language words.

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: We reviewed what we learned about the Leaning Tower of Pisa.  The children told me what they know about Machu Picchu.  Discussed:  How old are you?  How old is your city?  Machu Picchu is a very, very old city.  It is located on a mountain in Peru, South America. It is called the “Lost City” because it was built and abandoned a long time ago.  Fun Facts:  Machu Picchu, located in the mountains of Peru, is one of South America’s most popular tourism destination.  The Incas started building the site in 1420.  Theories state it was a home for Inca outcasts, a fallback of defensive positions against invaders or a regional capital. It was completed in 1462.  It was abandoned sometime in early 1500s.  Some think a disease such as malaria swept through the city while others believe a separate tribe conquered the site. It has roughly 200 buildings.

Physical Science:  Discussed:  What food do you think people in Machu Picchu ate?  The layers of rock and land found in the city of Machu Picchu lead scientists to believe that the Incas used the land to grow gardens.  Discussed where we have a garden and how we keep it protected.

Emergent Writing:  Discussed:  What is your favorite memory from this month?  We looked at the World Wonders Book and reviewed all the places we learned about.  We also went through the lesson book and reviewed what we learned about. Each child took a page from the class book and drew a picture of what they learned about.  They then came up one at a time to tell me what to write about their picture and what they learned.

Learning Approach:  Discussed:  Explained that only some of the walls from Machu Picchu are still standing, but we can use those walls to think about the past.  We looked at all our Little Learning cards and reviewed our shape, numbers, letters and colors.

Global Citizenship:  Discussed:  Where do you live on the map? We looked at he World Map.  We then went through our World Wonders book and found each place on the World Map. 

Tumble Bus Day: See the form by the front door for the activities of the day.

Afternoon Centers: Center 1: Outside Play  Center 2: Little Learning Cards-  The children will color and cut out their cards.  Center 3:  Seeds and Soil Art-  The children will place a seed at the base of each plant.  The children will then use brown paint as soil to cover the seeds.  They will then use markers to color the rest of the parts of the plants.

Tuesday: Leaning Tower of Pisa

Feb 28, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish. Gretchen put the number on the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish.  She reviewed the Spanish and Sign language words.

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: We reviewed what we learned about St. Basil’s Cathedral.  The children told me what they know about the Leaning Tower of Pisa.  Discussed:  How do you feel when something you build tumbles over? The Leaning Tower of Pisa is located in Italy.  Fun Facts:  The tower in Pisa, is famous simply because it leans.  It was closed to the public in 1990, after fears that an entire busload of tourists at the top would be enough to make it fall.  They corrected the lean a little bit eleven years later.  It stands 187 feet high. The lean was increased by 1 inch every 20 years.   A wealthy widow named Berta di Bernado, left sixty coins in her will to buy stones to begin the construction of the tower.  It is a bell tower to accompany the cathedral that it stands next to.  The tower is built on unsuitable ground for such a heavy and tall building.  It is only about 6 feet above sea level and built on a riverbed. The underlying ground is made up of layers of sand and clay. The layers are not even and the weight of the building has compressed them.  Because the layers are not even, as the ground has compressed, it has sunk more in some places than in others.

Visual Art:  Discussed:  What materials would you use to build a tower?  We used the starch noodles and toothpicks to show them how they could build a tower with them. 

Patterns:  Discussed:  What silly items do you think you could use to measure things?  Italy is known for pizza.  We looked at the slice of pizza pattern and used this to measure items in the room.  I had two children at a time go get an item.  We discussed if they thought it was bigger or smaller than the slice of pizza and then we measured them.  We did this with several items giving all the children a turn at picking an item.

Social Skills:   Discussed:  Do you think a building can have a story?   We discussed the story of the Lean Tower of Pisa.  Did you know that the Tower of Pisa took over 177 years to build because its construction was interrupted by wars?  We discussed names of different buildings and parks and why they might be named that.

Physical Science:  Discussed:  What might happen if a tower leans too much?  The Tower of Pisa was built on a sandy foundation which made one side of the building sink a little more each day.  We experimented building a tower with blocks on different surfaces.  We had rocks that we built on, a pillow, a stool, sand in a box, and the floor.  We counted the blocks to see which tower got the highest before it fell.  Discussed the best and worst surface to build on.

Afternoon Centers: Center 1: Outside play  Center 2: Tower building-  They will use the starch noodles, toothpicks and some water to stick starch noodles together to build a tower.  

Monday: St. Basil’s Cathedral

Feb 27, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish. Gretchen is the new calendar and meteorologist person for this week.  She found the numbers for the calendar and discussed the weather.  She reviewed the Spanish and Sign language words.

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: We reviewed what we learned last week.  The children told me what they know about cathedrals.  St. Basil’s Cathedral is located in Russia. It is one of the world wonders because of the onion shaped tops and the beautiful colors.  Fun Facts:  The cathedral is the most recognizable symbol of Russia.  Its colorful onion domes are instantly recognizable around the world as emblems of Moscow.  It is a popular tourist destination because of its history and interesting architecture.

Patterns:  Discussed:  What is the tallest building in your town?  We looked at the four building pictures and noticed the size difference.  The children worked together to put the buildings in tallest to shortest order.

Show and Tell:  Today was crazy sock day.  We looked at everyone’s crazy socks.

Learning Approach:  Discussed:  How should you walk in a church, library or cathedral?  We took turns demonstrating how we should or should not walk.   Each child got to come up and roll the Brain Box and perform the activity that it landed on.  Brain Box activities-  wiggle to something pink in the room, make a heart with your fingers, jump 12 times, pat your legs 13 times, row your arms 11 times, and point to something red in the room.

Emergent Reading:  Discussed: What is your favorite world wonder?  We looked in the World Wonders book to review all the places.  The children will write a postcard about their favorite world wonders.

Health and Safety: Discussed:  What does basil smell like? Look like? Feel like?  The children passed around the fresh basil and dried basil.  Explained that the cathedral was not named after the herb but after a man who lived long ago and took care of people who needed food and water.  We are going to make Tomato & Basil Soup.  The children each took a baggie of diced tomatoes and squished them.  We poured them into a pot with a can of chicken broth.  We then counted out 18 basil leaves and will add them once the water boils.  We then added basil and sugar after it was boiling.  We reduced the heat to low and added cream and butter.  We let it simmer for 20 minutes and the children got to enjoy it as an extra for lunch. 

Afternoon Centers: Center 1: Outside Play  Center 2: Postcard-  They will draw a picture of their favorite world wonder place.  The children will then write something about the place and pretend to send it to a family member.  

Friday: The Great Wall of China

Feb 27, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish. Thomas put the number on the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish.  Thomas reviewed all the Spanish and Sign language words. 

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: The children told us what they know about The Great Wall of China.  Discussed what they know about walls.  The Great Wall is located in China on the continent of Asia.  It was built many years ago to keep China safe.  Fun Facts:  The Great Wall of China was built over 2000 years ago.  The Wall is a very unique structure that is considered one of the seven wonders of the world.  It snakes through the mountains of China for 4,500 miles.  It is 25 feet tall and 15-30 feet wide.  That is wide enough for two cars to drive on!  Ancient records show that more than 300,000 soldiers and 500,000 commoners worked to build it.

Fine Motor:  Discussed:  What materials do we have in our room or outside that could make a wall? The Great Wall was built with materials found in nature.  We looked at the rock walls that they did the other day in afternoon centers. 

Environmental Science:  Discussed:  Do animals build walls?  What type?  Discussed beaver dams, beehives, nests, and old tree stumps. 

Emergent Reading:   Discussed:  What words can you build?  We looked at the “all” word family card.  We discussed the letters and what it said.  We then added new consonants to the begining of “all” and made new words: wall, tall, call, mall, etc.  The children practiced reading the new words.

Gross Motor:  Discussed:  What is the best way to fall off the wall.  Each child sat on a chair “wall” and demonstrated their best way to fall off the wall.  We then gathered pillows and blankets to build a wall.  They then reenacted the rhyme, “Humpty Dumpty.”

Afternoon Centers: Center 1: Community Helper toys.  

Thursday: The Great Pyramid

Feb 27, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish.   Thomas added the number to the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish.  He reviewed all the Spanish and Sign language words.  We also reviewed our Sight words.

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: The children told me what they know about pyramids.  The Great Pyramids of Egypt are in Africa.  They are a world wonder.  They were built with limestone blocks.  Fun Facts:  There are about 90 pyramids in Egypt.  Pyramids were built as tombs for Egyptian kings and queens and it was considered an exclusive privilege to have a Pyramid tomb. It was built entirely of limestone, reportedly contains around thirteen million stones and took an estimated 14000 people to construct it over a period of 200 years.

Shapes:  Discussed:  What has parts?  We looked around the room and found objects that we could take apart.  We then worked together to put the puzzle together. 

Gross Motor:   Discussed:  What vehicles would you need to take to get to the Great Pyramid?  We had a bucket of water and discussed what would happen if a car is in water.  We used toy cars to experiment.  The children then pretended to be airplanes and fly to the Great Pyramids.

Visual Art:   Discussed:  What do you know about camels?  The Great Pyramids are in the desert. People ride camels in the desert.  We pretended to ride a Camel around the room, by riding the Horse.  I showed the children the camel that the children will be making in afternoon centers.

Dramatic Play:   Discussed:  What can you build with cups?  The children all got some cups and tried building tall pyramids with them.

Afternoon Centers: Center 1:Variety of Toys  Center 2:  Camel Puppet-  The children will make a face on the camel.  Add the fabric for the camels back and sand on the body of the camel.  They will place a craft stick on it when it is complete.

Wednesday: Tremendous Trees

Feb 27, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish.  Thomas added the number to the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish.  He reviewed all the Spanish and Sign language word.

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: The children told me what they know about trees.  In California, there are some very old and very big trees.  The Sequoias are so big that it takes 10 people to hold hands to reach around the trunk of the smallest Sequoia tree. Fun Facts:  A tree is a perennial woody plant of considerable size, usually over twenty feet high, and growing with a single trunk the lower part of which is usually un-branched.  Trees help prevent erosion, provide building materials and food from their fruits and nuts.  Trees keep our air supply fresh by absorbing carbon dioxide and producing oxygen.  The world’s tallest tree is a coast redwood in California, measuring more than 360 ft.  The average size tree can provide enough wood to make 170,000 pencils.

Global Citizenship:  Discussed:  How tall are you?  The redwood trees in California stand about 367 feet tall.  This is as tall as a skyscraper with about 37 floors.  I measured each child to see how tall they were.  We looked at the World Map and found the green continent.  Discussed that this is the United States of America.  Brogan came up and showed us where we live.  We looked at our flag and placed it on the United States of America.

Logic:  Discussed:  Which world wonder would you like to visit?  We looked at the Charting Choices Poster and the children each came up one at a time to put a sticker on where they want to go. We then compared the places and discussed more and less. 

Social Skills:  Discussed:  How does a tree feel?  We took a walk outside and felt the different trees.  We then did a tree rubbing with each child. 

Show and Tell:   Each child was to bring in a picture of a Tree or a Toy Tree.  We looked at the differences in their Tree’s that they brought.

Tumble Bus Day: See form at the front door to see the activities this week.

Afternoon Centers: Center 1:  Wooden Blocks Center 2: Tree Art-  They will use their tree rubbing and add the items that they collected to the picture. Center 3:  Cutting Stones-  The children will cut the stone paper and glue it to their wall. 

Tuesday: Wonderful Water

Feb 21, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish. Thomas put the number on the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish.  He reviewed all the Spanish and Sign Language words.

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: We reviewed what we learned about Mountains.  The children told me what they know about water, waterfalls and oceans today.  Two of the world wonders are related to water.  The Great Barrier Reef, off the coast of Australia is the world’s largest reef.  Victoria Falls, found in Africa, is the largest waterfall in the world.  Fun Facts:  Waterfalls are places where a river plunges vertically.  Waterfalls may form where the river flows over a band of hard rock, such as a volcanic sill. Waterfalls can also form where a stream’s course has been suddenly broken.  Boulders often swirl around at the foot of a waterfall, wearing out a deep plunge pool.

Numbers:  Discussed:  Is the Coral Reef living or nonliving?  We looked at the photos of the reef in the book and pictures online. We discussed the colors that we saw in the Great Coral Reef  in the book World Wonders.  We looked at the hands-on number 13 and discussed.  We discussed how to place the one and three to make a 13.  The children wanted to put the 3 first and then the 1 which would make 31.  We counted to 13 in English and Spanish.  We also counted the 13 hearts.  I then threw the hearts on the ground and the children had to pretend to be a scuba diver and dive for the hearts at the Great Coral Reef. 

Listening:  Discussed:  What would you bring back if you visited a waterfall? Some people bring back items from the places they travel to remind them of their trip, even if it is just a photo or memory. I showed the children the Rebus Reader cards and we discussed the object on each card.  I then read the Rebus Reader and the children helped me read the story when we got to the picture.  We discussed the questions after reading:  What did Grandma bring that you can eat?  What did Grandma bring that you can wear?  What was your favorite treasure in the suitcase?

Visual Art:  Discussed:  Does water fall in waves or a straight line down a waterfall?  We investigated this by taking water and pouring into a pitcher of water.  Discussed what the children observed.   We looked at the waterfall craft that they will be making in afternoon centers. 

Health and Safety:  Discussed:  Where does the water you drink come from? We discussed how important water is to us and why we should drink more water throughout the day.  I had the children do two minutes of exercising.  They ran in place or to the gate and back for one minute and then they did jumping jacks for the second minute.  We discussed how they felt once they were done.  They said they were thirsty and tired.  I gave each of them glasses of water to drink and discussed why it is important to drink water after we exercise.  Explained that your body uses water inside all the time, but even more when you are exercising. It is important to drink lots of water.

Afternoon Centers: Center 1: Waterfall Streamer-  The children will cut the cellophane and paper into strips and tape a handle on.  They will decorate the handle. Center 2: Wooden Blocks free play

Monday: Majestic Mountains

Feb 20, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish.  Thomas is the new calendar and meteorologist for this week.  He found the numbers and put them on the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish.  He reviewed all the Spanish and Sign language words.

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: The children told me what they know about mountains.  Mount Everest and Matterhorn are two very tall mountains that are considered world wonders.  Fun Facts:  A mountain is a land-form that rises high above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. They are made from rocks and earth.  Mountains usually have steep, sloping sides and sharp or slightly rounded ridges and peaks.  Mountains can be rocky and barren. Some have trees growing on their sides and very high mountains have snow on their peaks.  Some common features of mountains include the following:  the summit, or the top of a mountain; the slope, or side of the mountain; and a very steep valley between young mountains, known as a gorge.

Emergent Writing:   Discussed:  What are some of the things you think you might see on a mountain?  Mountains usually have a lot of trees at the bottom, but as you climb higher, the trees disappear (this is called a treeline) and are replaced with rock and cold.  We looked at their My Little Journals and discussed the letter L.  Each child came up and practiced writing the capital and lowercase L on the wipe off board. 

Social Skills:  Discussed:  What do you think is dangerous about mountain climbing?  Did you know that Matterhorn is in Europe? It is unique because it stands alone and is shaped like a pyramid. It is steep and dangerous to climb.  They each took a partner and tried laying on the floor and getting up without using their arms.  They then had their partners help them up the second time. Discussed if it was easier or more difficult with their partners help.

Emergent Reading:  Discussed: Where would you like to travel?  We looked at 4 new sight words and discussed each thoroughly.  Each child then had to practice reading the words:  go, we, to, can.  We read the, “I Can Read” book and found the sight words.

Emergent Reading:  Discussed:  What do you think is the difference between hills and mountains?  Mountains are bigger than hills. (Did you know a mountain has to be at least 15, 850 feet tall and hills range from 1 foot to 15, 849 feet?) We looked at the L flowers and found all the L words in the dictionary. 

Show and Tell:  Each child brought in items that begin with L.  They came up and discussed their item and told us why they brought it.

Afternoon Centers: Center 1: Outside play  Center 2: My Little Journal- They will practice writing the capital and lowercase L.  They will then draw mountains and L’s on the mountains to represent trees.  They will also break a toothpick and make an L with it and glue it on the page. Center 3:  I can Read book-  they will find all their sight words and circle or underline them.  They will then fill out the blank pages and draw pictures.

Friday: Amazing Rock

Feb 17, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish. Samuel added the number to the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish. Samuel reviewed the Spanish and Sign language words. 

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: We reviewed what we learned about Kites.  Today the children told me what they know about rocks.  How big is the biggest rock you’ve ever seen?  One very big rock is called Ayers Rock. It is found in Australia.  Fun Facts:  Rocks are all around us.  You can see rocks inside your house, in your yard, on your street, on a country road, everywhere you look.  Statues, chalk, marble, pencil lead, sandpaper, glass, tombstones, bricks, the walls of your room, mountains, pebbles, soil, a volcano are all Rocks!!!  Rocks are used to build homes, an aluminum baseball bat, a washing machine, video games, airplanes, cars, and jewelry! Rocks aren’t always solid. Sand and Mud are rocks.  No matter where you are you are always close to rocks and minerals.  A rock can begin as one type and can change many times.  Rocks are always changing.  The changes happen slowly.

Speaking:  Discussed:  What kind of rocks do you like?  We learned the sign for “Like”.  Place your hand flat against chest, palm facing in.  Move hand away and touch middle finger to thumb as if pulling a string.  We then sang a song and used the Sign for “Like” while we sang. 

Patterns:  Discussed:  How are rocks similar and different? We looked at the rocks that the children brought and discussed how we could sort them in different ways. 

Dramatic Play:  Discussed:  When have you climbed  rocks? What else have you climbed?  We reviewed the story that we read about the man and woman climbing the hill to collect firewood.  Had the children pretend to climb a rocky hill.

Physical Science:  Discussed:  What can you build with rocks?  I had a bucket filled with sand.  We discussed how we could build big hills or bury the rocks we had.  The children each got to have some time to play in the sand with the rocks after lunch.

Show and Tell:  The children each brought in a rock to show!  They came up one at a time and discussed their rock.  They told us how it felt and looked. They also let all the children see their rocks.

Afternoon Centers: Center 1: Outside Play  Center 2: Building Rock Art-  The children used the oval shapes to pretend they are rocks.  They glued them onto the paper to build their own rock formation.  They then dusted it with sand.  

Thursday: Deep Holes

Feb 17, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish. Samuel added the number to the calendar, he discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish.  He reviewed the Spanish and Sign language words. 

Brainstorm/Fun Facts: We reveiwed what they learned about kites.  The children discussed what they know about holes.  People make some holes and others are made by nature. Fun Facts:  In general any hole more than 4 to 5 times its Diameter, is considered a deep hole.  In man’s search for mineral wealth, many enormous holes have been dug.  In addition, nature occasionally produces some astounding holes.  The Great Blue Hole is an underwater sinkhole of the coast of Belize.  The hole is 1,000 feet across and 400 feet deep. It was formed as a limestone cave during the last iceage.  The Kimberley Diamond Mine (also known as the Big Hole) holds the title of being the largest hand-dug hole in the world

Speaking:  Discussed:  What is the most interesting place in nature around you?  Why is it interesting?  Special places in our world are called world wonders.  We read the book, “I Wonder about Our World”.  The children told me the places in the book that they thought were the most interesting.

Physical Science:  Discussed:  How can you use a ball to make a hole?  We discussed what a crater is.  We had a tub filled with sand.  We used a ball to drop into the sand and see that it made an indent in the sand “hole”.  We then tried to make the hole bigger by throwing the ball in the sand.  We measured with a ruler the two different hole depths.  Each child got to throw the ball into the sand to see if they could make a bigger hole.  We measured all their holes.

Visual Art:   Discussed:  Why do you think the Grand Canyon has different colors in the walls?  The different colors show the different layers of earth.  Water from the river cut into the earth and created the canyon.  I showed the children how to paint glue onto the paper into different layers. I then added different colors of sand to make layers of the earth.

Show and Tell:  Each child was to bring a pink item from home.  They came up one at a time to tell us about their item.

Visual Art:  Discussed:  What would you use to make a hole if you were a bird? Some birds can use their beak to make a hole.  We looked at the red and pink bird and recalled the color.  We had two bird houses one red and one pink . The children matched up the bird with the bird house. 

Afternoon Centers: Center 1: Wooden Car track and Village  Center 2: Layers of Sand Art-  The children will paint glue onto their paper.  They will use a funnel for the sand to seap through and do different colors of sand layer designs.

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