Thursday: Sea Sponge

Oct 21, 2011   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish.  Brogan put the number on the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish. They reviewed the days of the week and months of the year.  They reviewed their sign language words.

Songs:   Sang morning gathering song, days of the week and months of the year.

Brainstorm/Fun Facts:  Reviewed what they learned about Seahorses.  Today the children told us what they know about Sea Sponge or sponges.  Did you know that a sponge is actually a creature that lives in the sea?  Sometimes the sponge is harvested, cleaned and dried out and then used for medical or cleaning purposes.  Sponges clean up the bacteria in the ocean by collecting it in the sponge holes.  Fun Facts:  Sea sponges live on the ocean floor, they attach themselves permanently to a solid location under the water and they do not move around.  Sponges feed by filtering plankton and organic particles from the ocean currents through thousands of tiny pores on the surface of their bodies.  There are approximately 5000 species.  Natural Sea Sponges possess remarkable powers of regeneration, they have the ability to re-grow lost parts and pieces broken off by water currents,  and have the ability to settle in another location and re-grow into a clone of the parent sponges.

Health and Safety: Discussed:  How do you think a sponge eats?  The sponge uses the holes in its body to collect food.  As the water passes through the sponge it leaves behind plankton for the sponge to eat.  We looked at the protein piece and explained that foods high in protein (like meat, fish, nuts and eggs) help our muscles grow and our bodies stay strong.  Protein is necessary for life.  Each child told the type of protein they liked the best. They then listened to the music and passed the protein around.  When the music stopped, the person holding the protein stood up and pretended to eat it.  We continued so several children got a turn.

Emergent Reading:   Discussed:  Have you ever been lost before?  What would you do if you got separated from your mom?  They looked at the Rebus Reader front cover and the children shared what they thought the story was about.  They looked at the key cards and discussed what each one was.  We read the story together and the children read the pictures to help with the story.  We discussed the story and asked questions for comprehension.

Visual Art:  Discussed:  How big do you think a sea sponge is?  A sponge can be as small as your thumb (a few inches) or as big as a car.  We looked at the sponges for the art project and found the holes.  Explained that the holes in a sponge help it eat and survive because the water is able to flow through the sponge and deliver its food.  The children blew through the sponge to feel the air coming through the holes.

Emergent Reading:  Discussed:  What do you think happens to the sponge if a piece of it breaks off?  Did you know that if a sponge breaks into pieces, either the pieces will make a new sponge or the sponge will reattach itself, possibly in a new shape?  The children took a piece of play-dough and rolled it into a long log.  They looked at the hands-on letter S and turned their play-dough into an S.  They continued to practice making the letter S.

Afternoon Centers: Center 1: Played with the Wooden Car, Tracks and Village  Center 2: Sponge Scene-  They put the yarn through a needle.  They practiced sewing the sponges to the background and creating wavy patterns in the yarn.   Center 3:  Fishy Prints-  The children painted with watercolors to make an ocean scene.  They then made fingerprints on the ocean scene and drew on fish fins. They also decorated the fish to make different patterns.

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