Tuesday: Astronaut

Apr 25, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar:  Discussed calendar in English and Spanish. Max added the number to the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish.  We reviewed our Spanish and Sign language words.  

Brainstorm/Fun Facts:  We reviewed what we learned about the Milky Way. Today the children told me everything they know about Astronauts.  An Astronaut is a person that is trained to travel in space.  Fun Facts:  Astronauts are people who serve on spacecraft and fly into outer space.  In Russia and the former Soviet Union, they are also known as cosmonauts.  As of 2010, 505 people worldwide have gone into space.  The pilot or commander of the space shuttle are required to fly 1,000 hours as a jet pilot before they can be selected as an astronaut, and a person has to be at least 58 inches tall to be selected for a space mission. However, astronauts can grow taller while in space, approximately up to two inches if they are there for a month.  This is due to the spine stretching due to lack of gravity.  In space, it is not possible to breathe normal air found on Earth, so an astronaut’s spacesuit is outfitted with oxygen so they can breathe when working outside of the spacecraft.  There is no wind or rain in space so an astronaut’s footprints on the Moon will remain for at least a million years.  Astronauts can go to the bathroom while wearing their spacesuits outside of the spacecraft.  He or she will wear a maximum absorbency garment (MAG).

Visual Art:  Discussed:  Why do you think an astronaut wears a helmet?  The helmet helps hold air that the astronaut can breathe inside of his suit.  An astronaut needs to keep his helmet on whenever he is not in the spaceship.  We looked at the astronaut puppet that they will be making in afternoon centers.  

Shapes:   Discussed:  How do you think the astronauts sleep in space? The beds in a spaceship are attached to a wall and the astronaut has to be buckled into the bed.  They are buckled so they don’t float around and bump into things.  We looked at the puzzle pieces and discussed how we needed to work together to put it together.  One child at a time came up and helped put the puzzle together.  We then discussed the picture on the puzzle. 

Gross Motor:  Discussed:  Do you think astronauts need exercise in space?  Astronauts exercise at least once a day to try and stay healthy. When they are in space their heart gets smaller and they can be up to two inches taller due to the lack of gravity. I had each child lay on their stomachs and stretch their arms out in front and point toes behind and slightly off the ground.  They then had to rock back and forth on their stomachs.  They did this and found out that it made them tired and was an exercise.  

Emergent Reading:     Discussed:  What do you think it would be like to walk on the moon?  Neil Armstrong (an astronaut from the US) became the first person to walk on the moon.  Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (a cosmonaut from Russia) was the first woman in space. We looked at their My Little Journal at the page with 18.  Discussed how to write the number 18.  Each child came up one at a time to practice writing the number 18.  We then counted to 18 in Spanish and English. 

Afternoon Centers:  Center 1:  Outside Play  Center 2: My Little Journal-  They will practice writing the number 18.  They will then make one large 1 and one large 8 on the paper and turn the 1 into a rocket and the 8 will be turned into an astronaut.  They will add 18 fingerprints on the page. Center 3:  Astronaut Puppet-  They will punch the pieces out and color them. The children will take the head pattern and glue it onto the top of the paper bag and glue the body part onto the side of the bag.  They will then use a star sponge to make prints on the bag.  

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