Tuesday: Hot Air Balloon

Nov 13, 2012   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar:  Discussed calendar in English and Spanish. Keira put the number on the calendar and discussed the weather.  She told us all the colors, shapes and Sign language words.  Keira helped us find the day of the week in Spanish.  We all reviewed our Spanish words.  

Brainstorm/Fun Facts:  We reviewed what we learned about airplanes.  Today the children told me everything they know about Hot Air Balloons.  Discussed: How does a hot air balloon fly?  Fun facts:  Hot air balloons were discovered in France in 1783. Animals of all sorts were used for experimenting like a sheep, rooster, and duck, to be sent high up in the balloon.  This was the first attempt made by man to fly.  Children under 5 usually aren’t allowed in the hot air balloons.  Area balloon operators can carry from 2 to 10 passengers at a time depending on the balloon. 

Creative Development:  Discussed:  Where do people sit in a hot air balloon?  The parts of a hot air balloon: basket, balloon, rope.  We looked at the hot air balloon that the children will be making in afternoon centers.  

Language and Literacy:  Discussed:  How do hot air balloons come down?  I blew up a balloon and showed the children what happened when I let the air out.  We learned the ASL sign for “up”. You take your index finger and point up!  We also learned the sign for “down”.  Take your index finger and point down.  The children all squated near the ground.  I used the sign for “up” and they all stood up as tall as they could on their tippy toes like a balloon ready to fly.  I then used the sign for “down” and they all went back down to the squating position.  We practiced using our signs several times repeating this activity.  I also blew up the balloon and the children stood up while the balloon was getting bigger and then I let go of the balloon and the children went down while the balloon was going down.

Science: Discussed:  How does a hot air balloon look in the night?  We looked at the paintbrush and discussed the color “black or negro in Spanish”.  Explained that a hot air balloon glows like a nightlight or firefly.   The light is made from the fire that heats up the air in the balloon.  The children pretended to be a balloon floating in the sky.  I chased them with the black paintbrush and when I tapped them I put their fire out so they had to slowly float back down to their seat.  The children then took turns taking the paintbrush and finding something black in the room and painting it.  

Science:   Discussed:  How can chemical reactions fill a balloon with air? Hot air makes the balloon go up in the air.  We did the following experiment with a balloon and watched it throughout the day to see what happens.  We poured yeast into a plastic bottle.  We added warm water, filling it about 1/4 of the way.   Measured one teaspoon of sugar and put it in the mixture.  I shook the bottle up to mix it well.  (this activates the yeast).  I stretched the balloon over the opening of the bottle mouth then placed it in a warm bowl of water.  We then watched the balloon as it started to fill with air and get bigger.  We had to watch through out the day as this is a slow process.  

Show and Tell:  The children all brought black items to show.  Each child came up one at a time to tell us about their items and show the black on their item.  Maggie B. then came and sat on my lap and we read all her Birthday cards.  We also had cake for her today at lunch time.  

Afternoon Centers:  Center 1:  Community helper toys/Outside play  Center 2:  Hot air balloon art-  the children will weave to make the basket.  They will then color the hot air balloon and glue on strips of paper.  They will make a picture of themselves to glue into the basket.  They will attach the balloon to the basket with a string.

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