Wednesday: Shark

Apr 16, 2015   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  Comments Off on Wednesday: Shark

Calendar:   Discussed the date in English and Spanish. Harper put the number on the calendar, discussed the pattern and found the day of the week in Spanish.  Harper reviewed our Sight words, Spanish, numbers and sign language.

Fun Facts/Brainstorming:  Reviewed what the kids learned about dolphins.  Today the children told me what they know about sharks.  Discussed:  How would you feel if you saw a shark?  Fun facts:  Sharks can be fussy eaters.  Sometimes they will take a bite out of their prey or just sink their teeth in to get a taste before they start really feeding.  If they don’t like the taste, they spit  it out and move on.  Like many mammals, including humans, sharks have a large heart with four separate chambers.  The mega mouth shark is the rarest of the shark species.  It was discovered in 1976.  Blue Sharks are the fastest sharks, reaching speeds of 43 mph, but only in short bursts.  Their normal speed is 7 mph.  Experts believe that the whale shark may be capable of living up to 150 years, making it one of the longest living creatures on Earth.  The smallest species in the shark kingdom is the dwarf shark, which averages at 4 inches long.  A shark’s skeleton is made of rubbery cartilage, like the tip of our noses.  They do not chew their food, they swallow it whole.  If it’s too big, they tear it into chunks.  The jaws of bigger sharks are about twice as powerful as the jaws of a lion.  Baby sharks are born with sharp teeth and the ability to hunt right from the start.

Creative Development: Discussed:  How do you think shark skin feels?  Asked the children to search around the room for smooth or rough items.  Explained that shark skin may look smooth, but it actually feels very rough because it is made up of tiny teeth-like structures.  We looked at the Shark Fin the children will be making in afternoon centers. 

Mathematics and Reasoning: Discussed:  How many teeth do you think a shark has.  The children looked into a mirror and counted their teeth.  Explained that a shark can have hundreds of teeth.  They actually have many rows of teeth so that when one falls out, another is ready to take its place.  The children sat in a circle and each child had a Shark Mouth pattern.  I went around and each child counted out 20 pieces of snack (chocolate chips, peanuts and raisins).    They placed each snack piece on a tooth on the shark pattern.  I then had the children roll the Dice.  They counted how many dots it landed on.  They then took that equal amount of  snack pieces from the teeth and placed them in the middle of the shark mouth.  They got to eat those.  We played this until all the shark teeth (snack pieces) where in their bellies.  Lily was the first one out of snack pieces!

Creative Development: Discussed:  Do you think sharks like to swim alone or with others?  Why?  Most types of sharks prefer to swim and hunt on their own.  They swim together in groups called schools, when they mate or migrate.   We read and acted out the Little Theatre Script “Shark School”.  We discussed what we read.

Language and Literacy:  Discussed:  How do you think sharks have babies?  The mother shark can have babies in 3 ways:  lay eggs outside the body like birds, hatch eggs inside of the body or grow live pups(without and egg).  Shark eggs are not hard shells, but sacs that hold nutritious fluids for the babies.  Each child then took a plastic  bag to see what could fit inside,  blocks, stuffed animals, toys or crayons.  The children then placed their baby sharks in a plastic bag.   I had them do two-step directions to see if they could follow them.  Example, Told them to run around their egg and then place it next to a chair.   Carefully carry your egg and place it under a table, etc. 

Afternoon Centers:   Center 1-  Shark Fin-  The children will use markers to decorate their shark fin. They will then put glue on it and spread sand on the fin to make it bumpy. We will attach it to a craft stick. 

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