Monday: Sprout and Stem

May 13, 2015   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  Comments Off on Monday: Sprout and Stem

Calendar:   Discussed the date in English and Spanish. Lily is the new calendar and meteorologist for this week.  She added all the numbers to the calendar, discussed the weather and found the day of the week in Spanish. Lily read all the Sight words and numbers on her own with no help.  We then reviewed our Spanish, numbers and Sign language words.

Fun Facts/Brainstorming:  Reviewed what the children learned about Mother’s Day!  The children told me what they did for their Mom’s on Mother’s Day.  The children told me what they know about a Sprout and a Stem.  Discussed:  How is a sprout like a baby?  Fun facts: Sprouting is the practice of germinating seeds to be eaten raw or cooked.  Sprouts can be germinated at home or produced industrially.  Stems have two main functions.  The first one is to transport the water and minerals from the roots upwards to all other parts of the plant.  The second one is to transport the food from the leaves downwards to the roots.  Stems provide a support to the leaves and reproductive structures.  The stem also is used to store foods and nutrients for the plant.  Stems which are green in color produce foods just like the leaves.  

Language and Literacy:  Discussed:  What do you think a seed looks like as it grows?  Had the children explore the photos on the sheet and try to create the shapes with their bodies(crouch small, start to pop up, stretch arms up, etc.).  How do they interpret the seed growth with their movements?  Had the children use the life cycle of a plant as a guide to create his own on the Seed Story sheet.

Science:  Discussed:  What do you think will happen if we put a plant in colored water?  Invited the children to explore sucking air through straws.  Then, the children tried again with water.  We set out a few cups of water and invited the children to help choose a color of food coloring(darker colors work best).  Invited them to put a celery stalk(or carnation) in each cup and observed what happens over time and encourage the children to draw pictures of what happens.  Explained that the water travels upward through the stem and delivers nutrients to the leaves.    

Mathematics and Reasoning: Discussed:  How does the length of a stem compare to the length of your fingers.  Had the children explore the outdoor space and measure items as compared to their fingers.  Can they find a stem?  Encouraged the children to cut the ruler from his Stem Investigation sheet.  Had the children to choose two items from nature(or foods) that have stems and traced around each item on the sheet then measure the stems and record the answers in inches.  

Science:  What do you know that cracks open?  We set out dry beans and invited the children to explore them with their hands.  What do they discuss?  Also had the children select a bean and place it in a plastic zipper bag with a wet paper towel and place in the sunlight and watch the bean seed crack open and sprout over time.  Explained that some beans don’t actually need the soil and can grow with just water and sunlight.  

Afternoon Centers:   Center 1-  Seed Story- Had the children make fingerprint seeds in each section on the Seed Story sheet.  They then drew details for the three stages of growing seed (seed-sprout–stem-leaves).  Invited each child to tell the story of how the seed grows into a plant.  Which plant did he or she draw?

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