Monday: Mole

May 18, 2015   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  Comments Off on Monday: Mole

Calendar:   Discussed the date in English and Spanish. Austin is the new calendar and meteorologist for this week.   He discussed the weather, put the numbers on the calendar, and found the day of the week in Spanish. He helped us review the numbers, Spanish, Sign language and Sight words.

Fun Facts/Brainstorming:  Reviewed what the kids learned about weeds.  Today the children told us what they know about Moles.  Discussed: Where do you think you could find a mole? Fun facts:  Moles have a cylindrical and furry body. The shovel-like patches on the noses of golden moles and marsupial moles differentiate them from true moles.   Moles create a network system of firm-walled tunnels to catch food or escape predators. The network system is only known to the mole living in it. Moles are known for constructing special underground larders to store food. When they catch a prey they paralyze it with a toxin present in them and hence they store their food for future use. Researchers have found out thousands of earthworms stored in these larders.  Moles squeeze out the dirt and soil from an earthworm’s gut before consuming it. Moles have long curved claws and an overgrown, shovel-shaped wrist bone which they use to dig tunnels. Moles come out on earth’s surface either to collect the nesting material or to search for a new home. Moles improve the fertility of soil because they aerate and mix the layers of soil by constant digging. It also helps in creating a drainage system for soil. Moles eat up insects and weeds that make soil futile.

Social and Emotional Development: Discussed:  Which animals do you think are harmful to the garden?  Explained that moles like to eat the roots of many vegetable plants.  Invited the children to explore the colors on the game cube and try to find items in the room that are the same colors.  Encouraged the children to take turns rolling the color cube then moving a game piece to the vegetable that is that same color.  Continued until all players are in the garden.  

Mathematics and Reasoning: Discussed:  Where do you think a mole lives?  Moles eat, sleep, take care of babies and play in tunnels that they dig underground.  Invited the children to explore the area for things to crawl underneath.  Encouraged the children to create a mole maze on the wall.  Problem-solve how to build a series of tunnels with cardboard tubes.  Helped the children cut the tubes so that a marble can roll through one and drop to the next.  Invited the children to tape the tubes to the wall and position them so that a marble will roll from one to the next, all the way down to the floor.  

Science:    Discussed:  How do you think a mole finds its way around underground?  Invited the children to close their eyes and try to slowly walk around the room without bumping into anything.  Explained that moles have a very poor sense of sight but find their way around with their keen sense of smell.  Experiment:  Had 3-4 cups with various strong scents (peanut butter, vinegar, lemon, cinnamon)  Made 2 cups of each scent.  Covered the cups with aluminum foil and poked holes in it. We wrote the first letter of the item on the bottom of the cup.  Invited the children to pretend to be moles and smell the contents of the cups.  They then tried to match the pairs of scents and checked the bottom of the cup to see if it was a match.  

Language and Literacy:  Discussed:  What do you think a mole would like to eat from the garden?  We looked at their I Can Read Books and read the book together.  We discussed the period and that it is the end of a sentence. Had the children clap when they saw the period.  

Afternoon Centers:  Center 1:  I Can Read Book-  The children went through the book and circled the periods and re-read the story. They went to the last page and drew the food they like on the last page.  


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