Monday: Penguin

Mar 28, 2011   //   by Miss Kim   //   Daily Lessons  //  No Comments

Calendar: Discussed calendar in English and Spanish.  Ella is the calendar and weather girl for this week.  She put the numbers on the calendar.  She also found the day of the week in Spanish, with help.

Brainstorm/Fun Facts:Reviewed what they learned about Ostrich on Friday.  The children told me what they know about Penguins.  Discussed: Where do you think penguins live? Did you know penguins live in the southern half of the world?  We looked at the bottom part of the World Map and Antarctica.  The African Penguins (also known as the Black-footed Penguin) live in the Southern tip of South Africa.  Fun Facts:  Penguin chicks have fluffy feathers.  They use their wings for swimming and are birds that cannot fly. Penguins have insulating layers of air, skin and blubber.  There are at least 18 different species of penguins. The parents take turns warming the egg.  Penguins use sign language to communicate with each other.  We did a rhyme where the children had to walk like a penguin by facing their toes outward and heels in.  Marissa was the only child that was able to walk like a penguin the rest of them needed to practice putting their toes out.

Chit Chat:  Discussed:  How do you think penguins take care of their eggs?  Did you know that the father penguin keeps the egg warm by holding it on his feet and against his belly?  The mother looks for food while the father stays with the egg.

Physical Science:  Discussed:  How do you think penguins catch their food?  Penguins can’t fly but they are great swimmers and divers. Their feathers and flippers help them swim, dive and catch fish.   We discussed how they would dive if they dove into a swimming pool and then how they would swim to the surface. We then did an experiment with diving raisins that we pretended were penguins.  We had two containers.  One was filled with 7up (soda) and the other was filled with water. The children each predicted what they thought would happen if I put it in the water?  They then predicted what would happen if I put it in the soda?  I had 3 penguins “raisins” dive into the water and we watched what happened!  I then had 3 penguins “raisins” dive in the soda and we watched what happened.  The raisins in the water sank and the raisins in the soda sank at first but then as the bubbles surrounded them they started to float.  We tried this experiment with several other small items and predicted what we thought would happen.  Discussed how Salt water has more air pockets (the soda- carbon bubbles trap air) so that it helps the penguins dive in and come back to the top quickly. 

Math:Discussed:  How do you think penguins feed their young?  Adult penguins catch fish, krill or other seafood, digest it and then spit it up to feed to the young penguins.  I had the numbers 1-7 written on pieces of paper.  Each child came up one at a time and picked one of the pieces of paper.  They had to tell me the number on the paper and then count out that many fish to feed to the penguin.

Emergent Reading:  Discussed:  What do you think a penguin eats?  Penguins spend much of their time in the water. They eat fish and other foods found in the sea.  We reviewed the “at” word family.  The children then learned the “ish” word family.  We discussed how to spell “fish” and then if we took the “f” off we would have “ish”.  We then added a new beginning sound to make new words (real or fake).

Closing Time:  The children were to wear “Crazy Pants” today!  Each child that participated came up and showed their pants and told us why they were crazy.  We then compared how many kids wore “crazy pants” and how many didn’t.

Afternoon Centers: Center 1:  Variety Toys Center 2: Discover Cutting Activity Sheet-  The children will practice their cutting skills by cutting out 7 fish to feed the penguin.  Center 3:  My Egg Book-The children will make their own egg book and draw pictures of birds and their eggs.

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